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Embedded fonts in C# .NET

To extract embedded fonts in a document.

boolean ObjIsEmbeddedFont(Obj indirectObj) {
  if (indirectObj.IsFree()) {
    return false;
  }

  if (!indirectObj.IsDict() && !indirectObj.IsStream()) {
    return false;
  }

  Obj typeObj = indirectObj.FindObj("Type");
  if (typeObj == null || !typeObj.IsName()) {
    return false;
  }

  var typeName = typeObj.GetName();
  if (!typeName.Equals("Font")) {
    return false;
  }

  Obj subtypeObj = indirectObj.FindObj("Subtype");
  if (subtypeObj != null && subtypeObj.IsName()){
    subtypeName = subtypeObj.GetName();
    if (subtypeName.Equals("CIDFontType0")) {
      return false;
    } 
  }

  Font font = new Font(indirectObj);
  return font.IsEmbedded();
}

PDFDoc doc = new PDFDoc(filename)
SDFDoc sdfdoc = doc.GetSDFDoc();
for (int i = 1; i < sdfdoc.XRefSize(); ++i) {
  Obj indirectObj = sdfdoc.GetObj(i);
  if (ObjIsEmbeddedFont(indirectObj)) {
    // perform document processing
  }
}

linkAbout embedded fonts

PDF documents access fonts from one of two places: the host machine rendering the PDF document or from within the PDF document itself. When a font is used in a PDF document which is not available on the machine loading that document and it's not embedded within the document the viewer will usually load a different font. When that font is contained within the PDF document itself we call that an embedded font. When a PDF contains an embedded font that font can still be rendered even if it is not defined on the host machine.

All font information in a PDF is stored in the SDF layer as an SDF object and exists as either a dictionary or a stream. When a font exists a dictionary that means that means that it is defined exclusively within the PDF document but if it is defined as a stream that means it exists as a file which may or may not exist within the PDF document itself. It is possible for either type to be embedded.

It's also possible to programatically embed fonts within a PDF with the PDFTron SDK. You can find an example in the ElementBuilder sample code.

The samples below demonstrates how to iterate over all embedded fonts found within a PDF document. Note that because this requires several low-level operations additional care must be taken for to check for possible null pointers. Also note that fonts with the subtype CIDFontType0 are not not counted as embedded fonts because they are necessarily referenced by a parent font within the same document.

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