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Convert PDF to PDF/A in Ruby

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Sample Ruby code for using PDFTron SDK to programmatically convert generic PDF documents into ISO-compliant, VeraPDF-valid PDF/A files, or to validate PDF/A compliance. Supports all three PDF/A parts (PDF/A-1, PDF/A-2, PDF/A-3), and covers all conformance levels (A, B, U). Learn more about our Ruby PDF Library and PDF/A Library. A command-line tool for batch conversion and validation is also available.

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#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2001-2020 by PDFTron Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved.
# Consult LICENSE.txt regarding license information.
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

require '../../../PDFNetC/Lib/PDFNetRuby'
include PDFNetRuby

$stdout.sync = true

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following sample illustrates how to parse and check if a PDF document meets the
# PDFA standard, using the PDFACompliance class object. 
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Relative path to the folder containing the test files.
input_path = "../../TestFiles/"
output_path = "../../TestFiles/Output/"

def PrintResults(pdf_a, filename)
	err_cnt = pdf_a.GetErrorCount
	if err_cnt == 0
		puts filename + ": OK."
	else
		puts filename + " is NOT a valid PDFA."	
		i = 0
		while i < err_cnt do
			c = pdf_a.GetError(i)
			str1 = " - e_PDFA " + c.to_s + ": " + PDFACompliance.GetPDFAErrorMessage(c) + "."
			if true
				num_refs = pdf_a.GetRefObjCount(c)
				if num_refs > 0
					str1 = str1 + "\n   Objects: "
					j = 0
					while j < num_refs do
						str1 = str1 + pdf_a.GetRefObj(c, j).to_s
						if j < num_refs-1
							str1 = str1 + ", "
						end
						j = j + 1
					end
				end
			end
			puts str1
			i = i + 1
		end
		puts "\n"
	end
end
	
	PDFNet.Initialize
	PDFNet.SetColorManagement	 # Enable color management (required for PDFA validation).
	
	#-----------------------------------------------------------
	# Example 1: PDF/A Validation
	#-----------------------------------------------------------
	filename = "newsletter.pdf"
	# The max_ref_objs parameter to the PDFACompliance constructor controls the maximum number 
	# of object numbers that are collected for particular error codes. The default value is 10 
	# in order to prevent spam. If you need all the object numbers, pass 0 for max_ref_objs.
	pdf_a = PDFACompliance.new(false, input_path+filename, nil, PDFACompliance::E_Level2B, 0, 0, 10)
	PrintResults(pdf_a, filename)
	pdf_a.Destroy
	
	#-----------------------------------------------------------
	# Example 2: PDF/A Conversion
	#-----------------------------------------------------------
	filename = "fish.pdf"
	pdf_a = PDFACompliance.new(true, input_path + filename, nil, PDFACompliance::E_Level2B, 0, 0, 10)
	filename = "pdfa.pdf"
	pdf_a.SaveAs(output_path + filename, false)
	pdf_a.Destroy
	
	# Re-validate the document after the conversion...
	pdf_a = PDFACompliance.new(false, output_path + filename, nil, PDFACompliance::E_Level2B, 0, 0, 10)
	PrintResults(pdf_a, filename)
	pdf_a.Destroy
	puts "PDFACompliance test completed."
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