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PDFLayersTest - Python

This sample demonstrates how to create PDF layers (also known as Optional Content Groups - OCGs). The sample also shows how to extract and render PDF layers.

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) 2001-2018 by PDFTron Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved.
# Consult LICENSE.txt regarding license information.
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

import site
site.addsitedir("../../../PDFNetC/Lib")
import sys
from PDFNetPython import *

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This sample demonstrates how to create layers in PDF.
# The sample also shows how to extract and render PDF layers in documents 
# that contain optional content groups (OCGs)
#
# With the introduction of PDF version 1.5 came the concept of Layers. 
# Layers, or as they are more formally known Optional Content Groups (OCGs),
# refer to sections of content in a PDF document that can be selectively 
# viewed or hidden by document authors or consumers. This capability is useful 
# in CAD drawings, layered artwork, maps, multi-language documents etc.
# 
# Notes: 
# ---------------------------------------
# - This sample is using CreateLayer() utility method to create new OCGs. 
#   CreateLayer() is relatively basic, however it can be extended to set 
#   other optional entries in the 'OCG' and 'OCProperties' dictionary. For 
#   a complete listing of possible entries in OC dictionary please refer to 
#   section 4.10 'Optional Content' in the PDF Reference Manual.
# - The sample is grouping all layer content into separate Form XObjects. 
#   Although using PDFNet is is also possible to specify Optional Content in 
#   Content Streams (Section 4.10.2 in PDF Reference), Optional Content in  
#   XObjects results in PDFs that are cleaner, less-error prone, and faster 
#   to process.
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Relative path to the folder containing the test files.
input_path = "../../TestFiles/"
output_path = "../../TestFiles/Output/"

# A utility function used to add new Content Groups (Layers) to the document.
def CreateLayer(doc, layer_name):
    grp = Group.Create(doc, layer_name)
    cfg = doc.GetOCGConfig()
    if not cfg.IsValid():
        cfg = Config.Create(doc, True)
        cfg.SetName("Default")
        
    # Add the new OCG to the list of layers that should appear in PDF viewer GUI.
    layer_order_array = cfg.GetOrder()
    if layer_order_array is None:
        layer_order_array = doc.CreateIndirectArray()
        cfg.SetOrder(layer_order_array)
    layer_order_array.PushBack(grp.GetSDFObj())
    return grp

# Creates some content (3 images) and associate them with the image layer
def CreateGroup1(doc, layer):
    writer = ElementWriter()
    writer.Begin(doc.GetSDFDoc())
    
    # Create an Image that can be reused in the document or on the same page.
    img = Image.Create(doc.GetSDFDoc(), input_path + "peppers.jpg")
    builder = ElementBuilder()
    element = builder.CreateImage(img, Matrix2D(img.GetImageWidth()/2, -145, 20, img.GetImageHeight()/2, 200, 150))
    writer.WritePlacedElement(element)
    
    gstate = element.GetGState()    # use the same image (just change its matrix)
    gstate.SetTransform(200, 0, 0, 300, 50, 450)
    writer.WritePlacedElement(element)
    
    # use the same image again (just change its matrix).
    writer.WritePlacedElement(builder.CreateImage(img, 300, 600, 200, -150))
    
    grp_obj = writer.End()
    
    # Indicate that this form (content group) belongs to the given layer (OCG).
    grp_obj.PutName("Subtype","Form")
    grp_obj.Put("OC", layer)
    grp_obj.PutRect("BBox", 0, 0, 1000, 1000)   # Set the clip box for the content.
    
    return grp_obj

# Creates some content (a path in the shape of a heart) and associate it with the vector layer
def CreateGroup2(doc, layer):
    writer = ElementWriter()
    writer.Begin(doc.GetSDFDoc())
    
    # Create a path object in the shape of a heart
    builder = ElementBuilder()
    builder.PathBegin()     # start constructing the path
    builder.MoveTo(306, 396)
    builder.CurveTo(681, 771, 399.75, 864.75, 306, 771)
    builder.CurveTo(212.25, 864.75, -69, 771, 306, 396)
    builder.ClosePath()
    element = builder.PathEnd() # the path geometry is now specified.

    # Set the path FILL color space and color.
    element.SetPathFill(True)
    gstate = element.GetGState()
    gstate.SetFillColorSpace(ColorSpace.CreateDeviceCMYK())
    gstate.SetFillColor(ColorPt(1, 0, 0, 0))    # cyan
    
    # Set the path STROKE color space and color
    element.SetPathStroke(True)
    gstate.SetStrokeColorSpace(ColorSpace.CreateDeviceRGB())
    gstate.SetStrokeColor(ColorPt(1, 0, 0))     # red
    gstate.SetLineWidth(20)
    
    gstate.SetTransform(0.5, 0, 0, 0.5, 280, 300)
    
    writer.WriteElement(element)
    
    grp_obj = writer.End()
    
    # Indicate that this form (content group) belongs to the given layer (OCG).
    grp_obj.PutName("Subtype","Form")
    grp_obj.Put("OC", layer)
    grp_obj.PutRect("BBox", 0, 0, 1000, 1000)       # Set the clip box for the content.
    
    return grp_obj

# Creates some text and associate it with the text layer
def CreateGroup3(doc, layer):
    writer = ElementWriter()
    writer.Begin(doc.GetSDFDoc())
    
    # Create a path object in the shape of a heart.
    builder = ElementBuilder()
    
    # Begin writing a block of text
    element = builder.CreateTextBegin(Font.Create(doc.GetSDFDoc(), Font.e_times_roman), 120)
    writer.WriteElement(element)
    
    element = builder.CreateTextRun("A text layer!")
    
    # Rotate text 45 degrees, than translate 180 pts horizontally and 100 pts vertically.
    transform = Matrix2D.RotationMatrix(-45 * (3.1415/ 180.0))
    transform.Concat(1, 0, 0, 1, 180, 100)
    element.SetTextMatrix(transform)
    
    writer.WriteElement(element)
    writer.WriteElement(builder.CreateTextEnd())
    
    grp_obj = writer.End()
    
    # Indicate that this form (content group) belongs to the given layer (OCG).
    grp_obj.PutName("Subtype","Form")
    grp_obj.Put("OC", layer)
    grp_obj.PutRect("BBox", 0, 0, 1000, 1000)   # Set the clip box for the content.
    
    return grp_obj

def main():
    PDFNet.Initialize()
    
    # Create three layers...
    doc = PDFDoc()
    image_layer = CreateLayer(doc, "Image Layer")
    text_layer = CreateLayer(doc, "Text Layer")
    vector_layer = CreateLayer(doc, "Vector Layer")
    
    # Start a new page ------------------------------------
    page = doc.PageCreate()
    
    builder = ElementBuilder()    # ElementBuilder is used to build new Element objects
    writer = ElementWriter()      # ElementWriter is used to write Elements to the page
    writer.Begin(page)            # Begin writting to the page
    
    # Add new content to the page and associate it with one of the layers.
    element = builder.CreateForm(CreateGroup1(doc, image_layer.GetSDFObj()))
    writer.WriteElement(element)
    
    element = builder.CreateForm(CreateGroup2(doc, vector_layer.GetSDFObj()))
    writer.WriteElement(element)
    
    # Add the text layer to the page...
    if False: # set to true to enable 'ocmd' example.
        # A bit more advanced example of how to create an OCMD text layer that 
        # is visible only if text, image and path layers are all 'ON'.
        # An example of how to set 'Visibility Policy' in OCMD.
        ocgs = doc.CreateIndirectArray()
        ocgs.PushBack(image_layer.GetSDFObj())
        ocgs.PushBack(vector_layer.GetSDFObj())
        ocgs.PushBack(text_layer.GetSDFObj())
        text_ocmd = OCMD.Create(doc, ocgs, OCMD.e_AllOn)
        element = builder.CreateForm(CreateGroup3(doc, text_ocmd.GetSDFObj()))
    else:
        element = builder.CreateForm(CreateGroup3(doc, text_layer.GetSDFObj()))
    writer.WriteElement(element)
    
    # Add some content to the page that does not belong to any layer...
    # In this case this is a rectangle representing the page border.
    element = builder.CreateRect(0, 0, page.GetPageWidth(), page.GetPageHeight())
    element.SetPathFill(False)
    element.SetPathStroke(True)
    element.GetGState().SetLineWidth(40)
    writer.WriteElement(element)
    
    writer.End()    # save changes to the current page
    doc.PagePushBack(page)
    # Set the default viewing preference to display 'Layer' tab
    prefs = doc.GetViewPrefs()
    prefs.SetPageMode(PDFDocViewPrefs.e_UseOC)
    
    doc.Save(output_path + "pdf_layers.pdf", SDFDoc.e_linearized)
    doc.Close()
    print("Done.")
    
    # The following is a code snippet shows how to selectively render 
    # and export PDF layers.
    
    doc = PDFDoc(output_path + "pdf_layers.pdf")
    doc.InitSecurityHandler()
    
    if not doc.HasOC():
        print("The document does not contain 'Optional Content'")
    else:
        init_cfg = doc.GetOCGConfig()
        ctx = Context(init_cfg)
        
        pdfdraw = PDFDraw()
        pdfdraw.SetImageSize(1000, 1000)
        pdfdraw.SetOCGContext(ctx)  # Render the page using the given OCG context.
        
        page = doc.GetPage(1)   # Get the first page in the document.
        pdfdraw.Export(page, output_path + "pdf_layers_default.png")
        
        # Disable drawing of content that is not optional (i.e. is not part of any layer).
        ctx.SetNonOCDrawing(False)
        
        # Now render each layer in the input document to a separate image.
        ocgs = doc.GetOCGs()    # Get the array of all OCGs in the document.
        if ocgs is not None:
            sz = ocgs.Size()
            i = 0
            while i < sz:
                ocg = Group(ocgs.GetAt(i))
                ctx.ResetStates(False)
                ctx.SetState(ocg, True)
                fname = output_path + "pdf_layers_" + ocg.GetName() + ".png"
                print(fname)
                pdfdraw.Export(page, fname)
                i = i + 1
        # Now draw content that is not part of any layer...
        ctx.SetNonOCDrawing(True)
        ctx.SetOCDrawMode(Context.e_NoOC)
        pdfdraw.Export(page, output_path + "pdf_layers_non_oc.png")
        
        doc.Close()
        print("Done.")                     

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()