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PDF Image Extraction in PHP

Sample PHP code for using PDFTron SDK to extract images from PDF files, along with their positioning information and DPI. Instead of converting PDF images to a Bitmap, you can also extract uncompressed/compressed image data directly using element.GetImageData() (described in the PDF Data Extraction code sample). Learn more about our PDF Parsing & Content Extraction Library.

Step 1: Get your free trial license key, or sign in

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Step 2: Add the code:

<?php
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2001-2019 by PDFTron Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved.
// Consult LICENSE.txt regarding license information.
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
include("../../../PDFNetC/Lib/PDFNetPHP.php");

// Relative path to the folder containing the test files.
$input_path = getcwd()."/../../TestFiles/";
$output_path = $input_path."Output/";

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// This sample illustrates one approach to PDF image extraction 
// using PDFNet.
// 
// Note: Besides direct image export, you can also convert PDF images 
// to GDI+ Bitmap, or extract uncompressed/compressed image data directly 
// using element.GetImageData() (e.g. as illustrated in ElementReaderAdv 
// sample project).
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

$image_counter = 0;

function ImageExtract($reader) 
{
	while (($element = $reader->Next()) != null)
	{
		switch ($element->GetType()) 
		{
		case Element::e_image: 
		case Element::e_inline_image: 
			{
				global $image_counter;
				echo nl2br("\n--> Image: ".++$image_counter);
				echo nl2br("\n    Width: ".$element->GetImageWidth());
				echo nl2br("\n    Height: ".$element->GetImageHeight());
				echo nl2br("\n    BPC: ".$element->GetBitsPerComponent());

				$ctm = $element->GetCTM();
				$x2=1.0;
				$y2=1.0;
				$point = $ctm->Mult(new Point($x2, $y2));
				echo nl2br("\n    Coords: x1=".$ctm->m_h.", y1=".$ctm->m_v.", x2=".$point->x.", y2=".$point->y);

				if ($element->GetType() == Element::e_image) 
				{
					$image = new Image($element->GetXObject());

					$fname = "image_extract1_".$image_counter;
					global $output_path;
					$path = $output_path.$fname;
					$image->Export($path);

					//$path = $output_path.$fname.".tif";
					//$image->ExportAsTiff($path);

					//$path = $output_path $fname.".png";
					//$image->ExportAsPng($path);
				}
			}
			break;
		case Element::e_form:		// Process form XObjects
			$reader->FormBegin(); 
            		ImageExtract($reader);
			$reader->End(); 
			break; 
		}
	}
}

	// Initialize PDFNet
	PDFNet::Initialize();

	// Example 1: 
	// Extract images by traversing the display list for 
	// every page. With this approach it is possible to obtain 
	// image positioning information and DPI.
	$doc = new PDFDoc($input_path."newsletter.pdf");
	$doc->InitSecurityHandler();

	$reader = new ElementReader();
	//  Read every page
	for ($itr=$doc->GetPageIterator(); $itr->HasNext(); $itr->Next()) 
	{				
		$reader->Begin($itr->Current());
		ImageExtract($reader);
		$reader->End();
	}

	$doc->Close();
	echo nl2br("Done...\n");

	echo nl2br("----------------------------------------------------------------\n");

	// Example 2: 
	// Extract images by scanning the low-level document.
	$doc = new PDFDoc($input_path."newsletter.pdf");

	$doc->InitSecurityHandler();
	$image_counter = 0;

	$cos_doc=$doc->GetSDFDoc();
	$num_objs = $cos_doc->XRefSize();
	for($i=1; $i<$num_objs; ++$i) 
	{
		$obj = $cos_doc->GetObj($i);
		if($obj != null && !$obj->IsFree() && $obj->IsStream()) 
		{
			// Process only images
			$itr = $obj->Find("Type");
			if(!$itr->HasNext() || !($itr->Value()->GetName() == "XObject"))
			{
				continue;
			}

			$itr = $obj->Find("Subtype");
			if(!$itr->HasNext() || !($itr->Value()->GetName() == "Image"))
			{
				continue;
			}
				
			$image = new Image($obj);
			echo nl2br("\n-. Image: ".++$image_counter);
			echo nl2br("\n    Width: ".$image->GetImageWidth());
			echo nl2br("\n    Height: ".$image->GetImageHeight());
			echo nl2br("\n    BPC: ".$image->GetBitsPerComponent());

			$fname = "image_extract2_".$image_counter;
			$path = $output_path.$fname;
			$image->Export($path);

			//$path = $output_path.$fname.".tif");
			//$image->ExportAsTiff($path);

			//$path = $output_path.fname.".png");
			//$image->ExportAsPng($path);
		}
	}

	$doc->Close();
	
	
?>