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Read, add, edit PDF outlines and bookmarks in JavaScript

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Sample JavaScript code to use PDFTron SDK for programmatically reading and editing existing outline items, and for creating new PDF bookmarks using the high-level API. Learn more about our JavaScript PDF Library and PDF Editing & Manipulation Library.

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//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2001-2021 by PDFTron Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved.
// Consult legal.txt regarding legal and license information.
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// The sample code illustrates how to read and edit existing outline items and create 
// new bookmarks using the high-level API.
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

const { PDFNet } = require('@pdftron/pdfnet-node');
const PDFTronLicense = require('../LicenseKey/LicenseKey');

((exports) => {

  exports.runBookmarkTest = () => {

    const getIndent = async (item) => {
      const ident = (await item.getIndent()) - 1;
      let str = '';
      for (let i = 0; i < ident; ++i) {
        str += '  ';
      }
      return str;
    };

    // Prints out the outline tree to the standard output
    const printOutlineTree = async (item) => {
      for (; item != null; item = await item.getNext()) {
        const indentString = await getIndent(item);
        const titleString = await item.getTitle();

        const actionString = indentString + (await item.isOpen() ? '- ' : '+ ') + titleString + ' ACTION -> ';

        // Print Action
        const action = await item.getAction();
        if (await action.isValid()) {
          const actionType = await action.getType();
          if (actionType === PDFNet.Action.Type.e_GoTo) {
            const dest = await action.getDest();
            if (await dest.isValid()) {
              const page = await dest.getPage();
              console.log(actionString + 'GoTo Page #' + (await page.getIndex()));
            }
          } else {
            console.log(actionString + 'Not a "GoTo" action');
          }
        } else {
          console.log(actionString + 'NULL');
        }

        if (await item.hasChildren()) {
          await printOutlineTree(await item.getFirstChild());
        }
      }
    };

    const main = async () => {
      // Relative path to the folder containing test files.
      const inputPath = '../TestFiles/';
      const outputPath = inputPath + 'Output/';
      
      // The following example illustrates how to create and edit the outline tree
      // using high-level Bookmark methods.
      try {
        let doc = await PDFNet.PDFDoc.createFromFilePath(inputPath + 'numbered.pdf');
        doc.initSecurityHandler();

        // Lets first create the root bookmark items.
        const red = await PDFNet.Bookmark.create(doc, 'Red');
        const green = await PDFNet.Bookmark.create(doc, 'Green');
        const blue = await PDFNet.Bookmark.create(doc, 'Blue');

        doc.addRootBookmark(red);
        doc.addRootBookmark(green);
        doc.addRootBookmark(blue);

        // You can also add new root bookmarks using Bookmark.addNext("...")
        blue.addNewNext('foo');
        blue.addNewNext('bar');

        // We can now associate new bookmarks with page destinations:

        // The following example creates an 'explicit' destination (see
        // section '8.2.1 Destinations' in PDF Reference for more details)
        const redIter = await doc.getPageIterator(1);
        const redCurrpage = await redIter.current();
        const redDest = await PDFNet.Destination.createFit(redCurrpage);
        red.setAction(await PDFNet.Action.createGoto(redDest));

        // Create an explicit destination to the first green page in the document
        const tenthPage = await doc.getPage(10);
        const greenDest = await PDFNet.Destination.createFit(tenthPage);
        green.setAction(await PDFNet.Action.createGoto(greenDest));

        // The following example creates a 'named' destination (see
        // section '8.2.1 Destinations' in PDF Reference for more details)
        // Named destinations have certain advantages over explicit destinations.
        const key = 'blue1';
        const nineteenthPage = await doc.getPage(19);
        const blueDest = await PDFNet.Destination.createFit(nineteenthPage);
        const blueAction = await PDFNet.Action.createGotoWithKey(key, blueDest); // TODO FIND FIX

        blue.setAction(blueAction);

        // We can now add children Bookmarks subRed1 instanceof Promise
        const subRed1 = await red.addNewChild('Red - Page 1');
        subRed1.setAction(await PDFNet.Action.createGoto(await PDFNet.Destination.createFit(await doc.getPage(1))));
        const subRed2 = await red.addNewChild('Red - Page 2');
        subRed2.setAction(await PDFNet.Action.createGoto(await PDFNet.Destination.createFit(await doc.getPage(2))));
        const subRed3 = await red.addNewChild('Red - Page 3');
        subRed3.setAction(await PDFNet.Action.createGoto(await PDFNet.Destination.createFit(await doc.getPage(3))));
        const subRed4 = await subRed3.addNewChild('Red - Page 4');
        subRed4.setAction(await PDFNet.Action.createGoto(await PDFNet.Destination.createFit(await doc.getPage(4))));
        const subRed5 = await subRed3.addNewChild('Red - Page 5');
        subRed5.setAction(await PDFNet.Action.createGoto(await PDFNet.Destination.createFit(await doc.getPage(5))));
        const subRed6 = await subRed3.addNewChild('Red - Page 6');
        subRed6.setAction(await PDFNet.Action.createGoto(await PDFNet.Destination.createFit(await doc.getPage(6))));

        // Example of how to find and delete a bookmark by title text.
        const firstbookmark = await doc.getFirstBookmark();
        const foo = await firstbookmark.find('foo');
        if (await foo.isValid()) {
          foo.delete();
        } else {
          console.log('Bookmark foo is invalid');
        }
        const bar = await firstbookmark.find('bar');
        if (await bar.isValid()) {
          bar.delete();
        } else {
          console.log('Bookmark bar is invalid');
        }

        // Adding color to Bookmarks. Color and other formatting can help readers
        // get around more easily in large PDF documents.
        red.setColor(1, 0, 0);
        green.setColor(0, 1, 0);
        green.setFlags(2); // set bold font
        blue.setColor(0, 0, 1);
        blue.setFlags(3); // set bold and italic

        await doc.save(outputPath + 'bookmark.pdf', 0);
        console.log('Done. Result saved in bookmark.pdf');
      } catch (err) {
        console.log(err);
      }

        // The following example illustrates how to traverse the outline tree using
        // Bookmark navigation methods: Bookmark.getNext(), Bookmark.getPrev(),
        // Bookmark.getFirstChild () and Bookmark.getLastChild ().
      try {
        // Open the document that was saved in the previous code sample
        const doc = await PDFNet.PDFDoc.createFromFilePath(outputPath + 'bookmark.pdf');
        doc.initSecurityHandler();

        const root = await doc.getFirstBookmark();
        await printOutlineTree(root);

        console.log('Done.');
      } catch (err) {
        console.log(err);
      }

        // The following example illustrates how to create a Bookmark to a page
        // in a remote document. A remote go-to action is similar to an ordinary
        // go-to action, but jumps to a destination in another PDF file instead
        // of the current file. See Section 8.5.3 'Remote Go-To Actions' in PDF
        // Reference Manual for details.

        try {
          // Open the document that was saved in the previous code sample
        const doc = await PDFNet.PDFDoc.createFromFilePath(outputPath + 'bookmark.pdf');
        doc.initSecurityHandler();

        // Create file specification (the file referred to by the remote bookmark)
        const fileSpec = await doc.createIndirectDict();
        fileSpec.putName('Type', 'Filespec');
        fileSpec.putString('F', 'bookmark.pdf');
        const spec = await PDFNet.FileSpec.createFromObj(fileSpec);
        const gotoRemote = await PDFNet.Action.createGotoRemoteSetNewWindow(spec, 5, true);

        const remoteBookmark1 = await PDFNet.Bookmark.create(doc, 'REMOTE BOOKMARK 1');
        remoteBookmark1.setAction(gotoRemote);
        doc.addRootBookmark(remoteBookmark1);

        // Create another remote bookmark, but this time using the low-level SDF/Cos API.
        // Create a remote action
        const remoteBookmark2 = await PDFNet.Bookmark.create(doc, 'REMOTE BOOKMARK 2');
        doc.addRootBookmark(remoteBookmark2);

        const gotoR = await (await remoteBookmark2.getSDFObj()).putDict('A');
        {
          gotoR.putName('S', 'GoToR'); // Set action type
          gotoR.putBool('NewWindow', true);

          // Set the file specification
          gotoR.put('F', fileSpec);

          // jump to the first page. Note that pages are indexed from 0.
          const dest = await gotoR.putArray('D');
          dest.pushBackNumber(9);
          dest.pushBackName('Fit');
        }

        await doc.save(inputPath + 'Output/bookmark_remote.pdf', PDFNet.SDFDoc.SaveOptions.e_linearized);

        console.log('Done. Result saved in bookmark_remote.pdf');
      } catch (err) {
        console.log(err);
      }
    };
    PDFNet.runWithCleanup(main, PDFTronLicense.Key).catch(function (error) {
      console.log('Error: ' + JSON.stringify(error));
    }).then(function () { PDFNet.shutdown(); });
  };
  exports.runBookmarkTest();
})(exports);
// eslint-disable-next-line spaced-comment
//# sourceURL=BookmarkTest.js