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PDF image extraction in Java

Sample Java code for using PDFTron SDK to extract images from PDF files, along with their positioning information and DPI. Instead of converting PDF images to a Bitmap, you can also extract uncompressed/compressed image data directly using element.GetImageData() (described in the PDF Data Extraction code sample). Learn more about our PDF Parsing & Content Extraction Library.

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//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2001-2019 by PDFTron Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved.
// Consult legal.txt regarding legal and license information.
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

import com.pdftron.common.Matrix2D;
import com.pdftron.common.PDFNetException;
import com.pdftron.pdf.*;
import com.pdftron.sdf.DictIterator;
import com.pdftron.sdf.Obj;
import com.pdftron.sdf.SDFDoc;

///-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/// This sample illustrates one approach to PDF image extraction 
/// using PDFNet.
/// 
/// Note: Besides direct image export, you can also convert PDF images 
/// to Java image, or extract uncompressed/compressed image data directly 
/// using element.GetImageData() (e.g. as illustrated in ElementReaderAdv 
/// sample project).
///-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
public class ImageExtractTest {

    // Relative paths to folders containing test files.
    static String input_path = "../../TestFiles/";
    static String output_path = "../../TestFiles/Output/";

    static int image_counter = 0;

    static void ImageExtract(ElementReader reader) throws PDFNetException {
        Element element;
        while ((element = reader.next()) != null) {
            switch (element.getType()) {
                case Element.e_image:
                case Element.e_inline_image: {
                    System.out.println("\n--> Image: " + (++image_counter));
                    System.out.println("\n    Width: " + element.getImageWidth());
                    System.out.println("\n    Height: " + element.getImageHeight());
                    System.out.println("\n    BPC: " + element.getBitsPerComponent());

                    Matrix2D ctm = element.getCTM();
                    double x2 = 1, y2 = 1;
                    ctm.multPoint(x2, y2);
                    System.out.println("\n    Coords: x1=" + ctm.getH() +
                            ", y1=" + ctm.getV() + ", x2=" + x2 + ", y2=" + y2);

                    if (element.getType() == Element.e_image) {
                        Image image = new Image(element.getXObject());

                        String fname = "image_extract1_" + image_counter;

                        String path = output_path + fname;
                        image.export(path);

                        String path2 = output_path + fname + ".tif";
                        image.exportAsTiff(path2);

                        String path3 = output_path + fname + ".png";
                        image.exportAsPng(path3);
                    }
                }
                break;
                case Element.e_form:        // Process form XObjects
                    reader.formBegin();
                    ImageExtract(reader);
                    reader.end();
                    break;
            }
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Initialize PDFNet
        PDFNet.initialize();

        // Example 1:
        // Extract images by traversing the display list for
        // every page. With this approach it is possible to obtain
        // image positioning information and DPI.
        try {
            PDFDoc doc = new PDFDoc((input_path + "newsletter.pdf"));
            doc.initSecurityHandler();

            ElementReader reader = new ElementReader();
            //  Read every page
            for (PageIterator itr = doc.getPageIterator(); itr.hasNext(); ) {
                reader.begin(itr.next());
                ImageExtract(reader);
                reader.end();
            }

            doc.close();
            System.out.println("Done...");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }


        System.out.println("----------------------------------------------------------------");

        // Example 2:
        // Extract images by scanning the low-level document.
        try {
            PDFDoc doc = new PDFDoc((input_path + "newsletter.pdf"));

            doc.initSecurityHandler();
            image_counter = 0;

            SDFDoc cos_doc = doc.getSDFDoc();
            long num_objs = cos_doc.xRefSize();
            for (int i = 1; i < num_objs; ++i) {
                Obj obj = cos_doc.getObj(i);
                if (obj != null && !obj.isFree() && obj.isStream()) {
                    // Process only images
                    DictIterator itr = obj.find("Type");
                    if (!itr.hasNext() || !itr.value().getName().equals("XObject"))
                        continue;

                    itr = obj.find("Subtype");
                    if (!itr.hasNext() || !itr.value().getName().equals("Image"))
                        continue;

                    Image image = new Image(obj);

                    System.out.println("\n-. Image: " + (++image_counter));
                    System.out.println("\n    Width: " + image.getImageWidth());
                    System.out.println("\n    Height: " + image.getImageHeight());
                    System.out.println("\n    BPC: " + image.getBitsPerComponent());

                    String fname = "image_extract2_" + image_counter;
                    String path = output_path + fname;
                    image.export(path);

                    //String path= output_path + fname + ".tif";
                    //image.exportAsTiff(path);

                    //String path = output_path + fname + ".png";
                    //image.exportAsPng(path);
                }
            }

            doc.close();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        PDFNet.terminate();
    }
}
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